Decorative wood countertops are purely aesthetic, requiring cutting board protection during use. Face grained planks are typically laid parallel to one another and adhered together to form the surface. This method of construction reveals the wood species' natural grain and, when rubbed with oils, serves to protect the countertop and provide a glossy finish.
Functional wood countertops, also referred to as butcher block countertops, are durable and can be used during food preparation. Available in a variety of thicknesses and shapes, functional wood countertops are commonly between 1-1/4” and 6” thick. In most cases, functional wood countertops are stained to reveal the natural beauty of wood; however, they can also be painted in virtually any color. Scratches and other signs of wear can be sanded and repaired.
Being that wood is a porous material it is prone to water damage. Properly seal the countertop when using it around a sink or other source of water. Wood countertops are susceptible to staining if not properly sealed and, in comparison to other common countertop materials, are harder to clean.